The parts of a comprehensive medical eye examination vary depending on the patient's age, date of last exam and other factors. Not every part of the eye exam may be needed or performed during your visit. Some of your tests may be performed by various ophthalmic medical personnel assisting the doctors. Parts of the eye exam will include documenting your medical history, visual acuity testing, external examination (eyelids, tear duct system, areas around the eye), eye muscle examination, visual field examination, slit lamp examination (looking closely at the outer and inner part of the eye with a special microscope), tonometry (measurement of your inner eye pressure for glaucoma) and ophthalmoscopy (using an instrument that shines a bright light into the eye to examine the retina through the pupil).
Why is total eye care so important?
As "windows of the body," the eyes can reveal the presence of disease in the brain or other parts of the body. The eyes themselves can become diseased. For this reason, total eye care is best provided by a periodic comprehensive eye examination. Vision is one of our most important senses. Caring for your eyes is the best way to ensure you do not lose your vision.
How often should I have my eyes examined?
The frequency of your eye exams will depend on your age, family history, systemic conditions such as diabetes, hypertension or high cholesterol and the condition of your eyes. Your doctor will make recommendations specifically for you.
Eye exams are important yearly health examinations!